Molecular Biology covers a wide scope of problems related to molecular, cell and computational biology including genomics, proteomics, bioinformatics, molecular virology and immunology, molecular development biology, and molecular evolution. Molecular Biology publishes reviews, mini-reviews, experimental and theoretical works, short communications and hypoteses. In addition, the journal publishes book reviews and meeting reports. Annualy, the journal publishes special issues devoted to most rapidly developing branches of physical-chemical biology and to the most outstanding scientists on the occasion of their anniversary birthdays. The authors of the journal are from Russia ans other countries of the World.

Molecular Biology is indexed/abstracted in Biological and Agricultural Index, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Service, Microbiology Abstracts Section B: Health & Safety Science Abstracts, SCOPUS, Virology and AIDS Abstracts.